Every sound system is made up of four basic elements; A microphone, a mixer, an amplifier and a speaker.

As Science explained, sound waves are the way that we are all hear and they are caused by vibrations, whether vocal chords or violin strings and transmitted through the air, to our ears and move in the eardrum back and forth. It creates an electrical impulse which tells our brain what we’ve just heard.

Sound plays a significant role in our daily life. A good quality sound system really adds a fascinating mood to any setting. Sound system components are especially important as the sound system cannot function without them.

Below is a list of the necessary components in a sound system and how they work;


Electronic sound systems capture sound waves through use of a microphone. A microphone has a diaphragm that moves back and forth when impacted by sound waves. It converts sound waves into electrical signals.


Early sound systems only had one microphone so everybody had to gather around. Today, we can use a mixer to combine multiple microphones and electrical signals together. In addition, mixer also helps in taking signals from computers and all kinds of other electronic audio devices.


When the electrical signals are combined together, it’s not strong enough to move the diaphragm of a speaker. So using amplifier is necessary. The amplifier makes the electrical signal stronger.


Now that the signals have been amplified, it moves on to the speaker. A speaker turns the amplified signal back into sound waves. As the diaphragm of the speaker moves back and forth, it recreates the same sound waves that were captured by the microphone.

The final sound waves produced by the speaker are louder in volume than the original sound waves, making it easier for people to hear the original source.